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The Ultimate Guide to The Pomodoro Technique

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Thanh_pomodoro

Whenever I tell people that we help people become more productive and achieve their goals faster, the usual follow up question is: what’s your number one productivity tip?

Based on this article, you might think I would say the Pomodoro Technique. Actually, the number one tip is to eat your frog. The second best tip is to use the Pomodoro Technique.

(When you can combine both eating your frog and the Pomodoro Technique you’re pretty much unstoppable.)

Ever since we started AE in 2011, the Pomodoro Technique has stood the test of time. This is one of the very first strategies I teach people because it’s so damn powerful yet easy to implement. It’s truly an 80/20 to getting to focus and get ahead. Since then, Asian Efficiency has helped over 13 thousand of our customers get things done and move towards their end goals and this technique has been a staple productivity tip.

How the Pomodoro Technique Works

Back in the 80s, Francesco Cirillo invented the Pomodoro Technique as a personal system for getting more studying done. When he released his free whitepaper of how it worked others have found a lot of success with it.

The main idea behind the Pomodoro Technique is something called “time boxing”. We’ve all been in a situation that we can’t seem to start on a task. You might look at your to-do list and start to think that it’s just too big of a task or immediately assume that you can never get it done. You don’t want to end up failing or desperate just because you find it hard to start on a single task. You don’t want to just give up on working on your goals or just keep on pushing them off until you can’t anymore.

That’s where the Pomodoro Technique comes into play. The basic premise of the Pomodoro Technique is to firewall your attention for a small amount of time and mentally recharge after each interval of work.

The Pomodoro Technique works in 25-minute intervals. All you need is a timer (also called a Pomodoro) for this technique to work. Here are the steps:

  1. Identify what the task at hand is.
  2. Set your Pomodoro to 25 minutes.
  3. Work on the task until the Pomodoro is over.
  4. Take a 5-minute break.
  5. For every four Pomodoros take a longer break (15-20 minutes).

It’s really that simple. Once you know what you need to do, set a timer for 25 minutes and all you do is work on your task during that time. You’re not allowed to do anything else but work on your task.

By setting this constraint, a lot of people find it very freeing to know that they can focus on just one thing and then do other stuff once the timer is over. People with ADD/ADHD find this technique very powerful.

What Francesco and others have discovered is that when you complete a small chunk of work, you build momentum so that you will feel more productive which in itself leads to getting more work done. I’m sure you’ve experienced this yourself. There was this one task you dreaded and procrastinated on for hours, maybe even weeks. One day you decided you start it anyway – even if it was only a few minutes. Before you knew it, you kicked yourself in the head because it was actually not that bad to finish the task and you wished you started it earlier.

We see this happen all the time. It’s often the initial resistance that’s holding us back but once you get past it, it’s often very easy to complete your work.

This is where the Pomodoro Technique really shines. By setting a short timer (and 25 minutes is really short) you give yourself a reason to get started and to fight the initial resistance. “Oh, I’m just going to do this for 25 minutes” and it’s not uncommon for people to want to continue to work.

If you haven’t tried the Pomodoro Technique yet, I highly recommend you try it out today.

What if you have tried it but it didn’t work for you?

businessman procrastinatingLet me see if I can correct your form. I truly believe everyone can benefit from this technique so there might be something that you’re missing.

One of the big benefits of running AE is that we get hundreds of thousands of people coming to the site, millions of people downloading our podcast The Productivity Show and over a thousand people posting on the Dojo forum (our private community and training library). I can see what’s working and not working for people in the real world with all vastly different backgrounds. I thought I’d share the insights with you to help you implement this technique more effectively.

Do you always stop after 25 minutes? What if I’m in the groove and I want to keep going?

This is something I keep seeing popping up over and over again. After working with many people, here’s what I’ve found to work as a general guideline.

  1. If you are new to using the Pomodoro Technique and you struggle with getting focused work done, then stop working after the timer rings.
  2. If you’ve used the Pomodoro Technique many times with success, feel free to continue to work after the timer goes off.

The reason we recommend for newbies to stop after the timer runs out is to build a sustainable habit of starting and stopping. I’ve seen too many people start the Pomodoro Technique for the first few times, continue to work after the timer, and then get back to their old ways of procrastinating on their work. You want to avoid that and that’s why it’s beneficial to first get used to just using the technique to get started. The more times you can force yourself to start a timer and focus, the easier it becomes in the future to work on things you don’t want to work on (which is usually correlated with stuff that moves you closer to your goals).

The timer is really just a gimmick to get you started and to build “productivity momentum”. Once you are used to running the timer and taking frequent breaks, you can then continue to work after it finishes. This is different per person but I’d recommend at least having a week of the Pomodoro Technique under your belt before you go beyond the 25 minutes.

In fact, a lot of people (including myself) will then change the duration of the timer to 50 or 60 minutes. Once you find yourself in situations where 25 minutes is too short for most of your work, it’s okay to change the timer for a longer duration. I still use 25 minutes to force myself whenever I’m procrastinating. The times I feel motivated, I’ll set it to 60 minutes and dive right in.

Which Pomodoro apps do you recommend?

Vitamin-R

If you’re on the Mac, Vitamin-R is by far the best Pomodoro timer. It’s not even close. The app comes with a hefty price tag but it has every feature you want:

  • You can customize the duration of your timer
  • It integrates with OmniFocus, Things and other task managers
  • The reminders and notifications help you to take breaks
  • It has time tracking built-in
  • The reporting and analysis is effortless which is ideal for a weekly review
  • You can play background noise if you desire to focus

There are a lot of features while it doesn’t feel overwhelming.

Be Focused Pro

Another popular app is Be Focused Pro – a Dojo community favorite (besides Vitamin-R).

Time-Management-Apps-For-Entrepreneurs-focus-booster-app-logo

For those who are on Windows, your options aren’t great. The popular timers are either web-based or cross-platform but there is no dedicated Windows app. With that said, we recommend Focus Booster. It’s free up to 20 Pomodoros a month and then after you’ll be looking into a subscription. As I have mentioned before, lots of productivity apps are moving towards a subscription model but in my opinion, that’s not worth a subscription paying for.

The best alternative is Focus 10. It’s very simple so if that’s your thing, go for it. Just don’t expect a feature-rich set like Vitamin-R has.

PomoDone

Another one is PomoDone that has a couple more features.

An alternative is to get a timer app on your phone. You can easily use the default timer that comes with every phone. Heck, you could even use Siri or Google Assistant as timers if you wanted to. A big benefit is that you use this timer anywhere you bring your phone and it works great when you also use the Pomodoro Technique with analog tools (like your paper planner). The downside of the builtin timers is that they have no reporting and customization.

Pomodoro Keeper

For iOS, we recommend Pomodoro Keeper and for Android ClearFocus.

ClearFocus

What are some activities you do on your Pomodoro breaks?

Morning walk with dog

I never thought of addressing this but this was a very popular forum topic in the Dojo (our private community and training library). Whenever I have my short break, I just sit on the couch, drink some water and relax for a bit before I hit my next Pomodoro. I’ve also taken short walks around the neighborhood and done some stretching.

On the Dojo forum people came up with a great list of other things you could do on your breaks:

  • Some form of simple exercise (kettlebell swings, pushups, jumping jacks, pull-ups)
  • Play a musical instrument (guitar, violin, piano)
  • A power nap
  • Reading a book
  • Juggling
  • Read the Dojo forum (I totally approve!)
  • Stretching

We usually recommend that you step away from your desk when you take your break. It allows you to mentally take a break from your “work” space and then re-engage when you sit down again. So clearing your OmniFocus inbox or checking email on your breaks are not something we recommend.

How many pomodoros do people typically aim to do in a day?

Let’s get a big myth out of the way: there’s no such thing as an 8-hour workday.

You might actually be at work for 8 hours but when you subtract lunch, water cooler talk, meetings and checking email…you really only have 1 to 4 hours of available time to get focused work done. Everyone’s job is different so there’s no hard and fast rule for how many Pomodoros you should aim for.

Personally, if I can do 4 Pomodoros in a day (that’s essentially two hours of focused time) I would consider that a highly productive day. In two hours of uninterrupted time, I can create massive value and solve a lot of complex problems. Do I achieve that every day? Absolutely not. Realistically, on a good week, I might achieve that 3-4 times. That would be considered a very productive week.

The bare minimum should be 2 pomodoros. If you can’t get at least one hour of uninterrupted time, you have a bigger problem to deal with. Your time allocation is way off and you’re probably wasting a lot of time in other areas. Now there’s an exception…

My line of work is very interrupt-driven. Can this still work for me?

Doctor giving patient a bunch of flowers as he leaves hospitalWhen your job is driven by people interrupting you, critical email notifications and phone calls it can be difficult to get focused time in. A lot of people who work in the medical field, IT and customer service roles experience this.

If you find yourself in such situation, the first thing you have to accept is that the value of your role is being flexible and being interrupted is part of your job. Part of your salary and the value your offer is for addressing everything that would be considered interruptions.

With that said, think of the Pomodoro Technique as a tool you can use at a time that is suitable. Even though your day might be sporadic and all over the place, there will also be times when you know you’ll have pockets of time to focus. Use the Pomodoro Technique for those moments. It might not be a suitable tool for everyday use but very useful for those times when you know you have an hour or two for yourself. Especially if you know that you tend to procrastinate during those times.

Don’t shoot for a number of Pomodoros in a day. Your line of work doesn’t allow you to control your time like others can. You’ll have to be okay with not getting any Pomodoros done but when you do accomplish one, it would be a major victory! Again, use the Pomodoro Technique as a tool when you can but don’t beat yourself if you can’t.

Next Actions

The Pomodoro Technique is a great way to beat procrastination at the start of your day. If you begin your day right, it is much easier to get things done later in the day (hence why we love eating frogs). Some people use the Pomodoro Technique to get started and once they have that momentum going, they just free flow the rest of the day and don’t’ need the timer anymore. Use this technique to your own liking because all that matters is that YOU are getting work done. It doesn’t matter how you do it.

Set a 25-minute timer right now on your phone for your next task and then take a break. Commit to focus ONLY on the task and nothing else. Once the timer rings, take a 5-minute break and walk away from your desk. Congratulations, you’ve completed your first Pomodoro!

Once you see it’s working for you then it’s worthwhile to get one of our recommended apps.

For any more questions, let us know in the comments. If you also want to get involved in the Dojo (our private community and training library), sign up for the waitlist here.

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4 Comments

Posted by El  | July 17, 2019 at 2:11PM | Reply

Hi, this is a great guide! I’ve known about the technique for a while and it helped me write my PhD thesis. It’s interesting you say that 4 pomodoros is a good dayand I am inclined to agree with you on this one.

However, could it be that this is related to the sort of task you’re doing? I’d love to hear your thoughts on this. I am currently doing pomodoros on start-up related activities (fundraising, writing for grand funding, hustling on LinkedIn, chasing up after people, CRM, etc…) and by the 6th Pomodoro, I start to feel a bit restless. I find the sort of work rather intense and exhausting for some reason (even more so than when I was writing my PhD on a technical subject where I averaged 9 pomodoros a day). Most developers seem to think 10 pomodoros is an acceptable average.

It would be interesting to see how the type of work affects the ideal Pomodoro targets (i.e. software dev vs. creative vs. business dev vs. thesis writing vs. any other kind of writing).

Posted by Akash Singh  | June 19, 2019 at 2:44AM | Reply

Hello Thanh,

Nice piece of Work. A lot of Questions answered and doubts cleared.

My Line of Work also Falls in the Category where there are Several Interruptions. Being into Medical School myself, there are Hardly any Interruption Free Stretches of Time where I could use this Technique and this is what stalled me from using this For a Pretty long time.

However, I decided to Bring this Technique home and Started applying it to My Personal Life Tasks and Stuff.

Happy to Say, that it has Actually started working. I’d also like to add that I don’t stop just after the Timer goes off, rather I allow myself a Margin of a few Minutes when I’m in the Groove.

However, that doesn’t happen too often.

Posted by Mary Keith Tarrobal  | June 24, 2019 at 6:32AM

Hey Akash,

Glad to hear everything worked out great! We’re happy to know that you’ve implemented the Pomodoro in your life.

Posted by Angii  | May 8, 2019 at 4:23PM | Reply

Yeap! Pomorodoro really works. And I use pomodoro.pro

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